In post World War II era, Germany is facing real challenge with its economy. In the bid to replace all Fossil Fuel and Nuclear Power plants into Solar and Wind powered plants, Germany has to step into the great revolution which would be completed till 2050.
Plot of ENERGY REVOLUTION:
Germany has a sufficiently designed plot to cut down CO2 emission that is emitted from its Nuclear Reactors and Fossil Fuel powered plants altogether. It has approved that all coal and nuclear powered plants will be gradually replaced with wind and solar plants. Although its sounds ridiculous for such a large revolution to take place, but they really mean it! They are in a bid to achieve 80% CO2 cut by 2050. By 2020, it would shut down 17 of its nuclear reactors.
Wind energy can replace nukes and fossil fuels. One third of wind energy will come from offshore farms while it would be carried from Windy North to Industrialized South by means of two High Voltage Direct Current power lines that are designed to be constructed by 2050.
Whereas on the other hand, farmers and homeowners are being convinced to install solar panels on their roof tops. Government would pay the tariff amount on profit. Solar powered cars would be introduced to minimize CO2 emission as part of the plot. The buildings would be installed with insulations to further minimize the emission of greenhouse gases that are emitted through their heating systems. Eventually, there would be only climate neutral buildings in Germany by 2050.
Progress so far:
When a nation stands united for some cause, it succeeds! 92% of the German population is supporting this transformation. It is better to suffer today and live good tomorrow than to invite worst gradually. Citizens have made half the investment in deriving energy from the renewables while the government is also assuring them profit in such projects. Bill was passed in 1990 assuring tariff to the producers by the utilities.
The incredible pace with which Germany is proceeding on the project brought about some of the tremendous results. 27% of Germany’s total electricity is now generated by renewables. Nine nuclear reactors have been shut down so far.
As of 2012, 7.6 gigawatts of photovoltaic panels have been installed. The solar energy is producing thrice as much energy as much is being consumed. Transport and heating systems also contribute in CO2 emission in environment, so famous car companies like Mercedes, audi are presenting models of solar powered vehicles; every year 1% of total buildings are now installed with six inches thick foam insulations and windows to make them climate neutral.
The map being presented here is actually the brief summary of the progress by 2014. We can see nine out of seventeen nuclear reactors have been shut down while the rest of eight operational nuclear reactors are destined to be closed by 2020. The green patches in the map mark the windy areas of Germany, while the brown patches show sunny areas. This map briefs us which areas are suitable for windmills and for solar panels. The darkness of shades of both colors marks the intensity of respective source of renewable energy.
Germany is not naturally resourceful country. It lacks resources of its own and only has ample coal Lignite, that can sufficiently meet the needs of Germany for many years. Germany had been relying on this source since years, but now this great revolution is being seen as a threat by many coal mill workers and fossil fuel power plant owners. Coal is a source of 44% energy in Germany.
CO2 is also emitted by burning gasoline and diesel in vehicles as well as from heating systems in buildings. About 17% CO2 in Germany is emitted by transportation while 30% greenhouse gases emit out of heating systems. Focusing only on power plants isn’t enough. Solar powered vehicles are beyond affordability of many people while the renovation of buildings is quite a long task!
Consumers are paying for this energy transformation in their electricity bills. It is a burden on their pockets as well as on Germany’s economy altogether as a good fraction of Germany’s GNP is being spent on electricity; almost equal to the expenses in 1991. Production of wind energy would be a trouble for Germany because there is more wind offshore than onshore.